Adjectives and Adverbs
There are two different types of words that can be used to modify nouns and verbs. One group is much like what we would call an adjective but they can also modify verbs as well. We will refer to these as "dv". The other group can, in most cases, stand alone like a noun but can also be used to modify nouns and verbs. We will refer to these as "dn". All words in the "dv" group always end with い (i). No exceptions. This is placed in front of a noun in order to modify it. For example:
These words can be conjugated to form different tenses, modify verbs, etc. Here is how that is done:
It's not as easy to recognize a "dn" but I will point them out in the vocabulary lists. Sometimes you'll even find a "dn" that ends in い (i) (ex. kirei - pretty). As mentioned before, these words can, in most cases, be used by themselves like a noun (ex. shizen - nature). By adding a な (na) to the end of these words they can be used to modify a noun (ex. shizen na kankyou -> a natural environment). And by adding a に (ni) to the end of these words they can be used to modify a verb as an adverb (ex. shizen ni aruku -> to walk naturally).
Here's a list of some commonly used "dv" and "dn":
|漢字 - Kanji||ひらがな - Hiragana||Romaji |
|面白い||おもしろい||omoshiroi (dv)||interesting, funny|
|綺麗||きれい||kirei (dn)||pretty, clean|
|元気||げんき||genki (dn)||in good spirits|
|変||へん||hen (dn)||weird, strange|
|親切||しんせつ||shinsetsu (dn)||kind, nice|
|素敵||すてき||suteki (dn)||"cool", good looking|
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